Louisiana Reporting Statute

The information on this page was last updated by Horty, Springer & Mattern on December 28, 2018.

LOUISIANA

REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §37:1278 Application for or acceptance of license or permit; waiver of personal privileges

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(B) Any person applying for, accepting, or holding a license or permit to practice medicine in this state shall be deemed, notwithstanding any privilege of confidentiality, to have given his authorization and consent to the disclosure to the board, by any physician or other health care provider and by any health care institution, of any and all medical records and information pertaining to such person’s diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, and prognosis for any physical or mental condition, disease, illness, deficiency, or infirmity, when the board is acting upon a written complaint and it has reasonable cause to believe that his fitness and ability to practice medicine with reasonable skill and safety may be impaired by mental illness or deficiency, or physical illness, including but not limited to deterioration through the aging process or the loss of motor skills, and/or excessive use or abuse of drugs, including alcohol; however, any records or information obtained by the board pursuant to this Section shall not constitute public records and shall be maintained in confidence by the board until and unless such records or information are admitted into the record of proceedings before the board pursuant to R.S. 37:1285.

§37:1287 Protected action and communication

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(B) No person, committee, association, organization, firm, or corporation providing information to the board without malice and in the reasonable belief that such information is accurate and, whether as a witness or otherwise, shall be held, by reason of having provided such information, to be liable in damages under any law of the state of Louisiana or any political subdivision thereof.

(C) In any suit brought against the board, its employees or agents, any member of an examining committee appointed by the board or any person, firm, or other entity providing information to the board, when any such defendant substantially prevails in such suit, the court shall, at the conclusion of the action, award to any such substantially prevailing party defendant against any such claimant the cost of the suit attributable to such claim, including a reasonable attorney’s fee, if the claim was frivolous, unreasonable, without foundation, or in bad faith. For the purposes of this Section, a defendant shall not be considered to have substantially prevailed when the plaintiff obtains an award for damages or permanent injunctive or declaratory relief.

(D) There shall be no liability on the part of and no action for damages against any nonprofit corporation, foundation, or organization that enters into any agreement with the board related to the operation of any committee or program to identify, investigate, counsel, monitor, or assist any licensed physician who suffers or may suffer from alcohol or substance abuse or a physical or mental condition which could compromise such physician’s fitness and ability to practice medicine with reasonable skill and safety to patients, for any investigation, action, report, recommendation, decision, or opinion undertaken, performed, or made in connection with or on behalf of such committee or program, without malice and in the reasonable belief that such investigation, action, report, recommendation, decision, or opinion was warranted.

(E) There shall be no liability on the part of and no action for damages against any person who serves as a director, trustee, officer, employee, consultant, or attorney for or who otherwise works for or is associated with any nonprofit corporation, foundation, or organization that enters into any agreement with the board related to the operation of any committee or program to identify, investigate, counsel, monitor, or assist any licensed physician who suffers or may suffer from alcohol or substance abuse or a physical or mental condition which could compromise such physician’s fitness and ability to practice medicine with reasonable skill and safety to patients, for any investigation, action, report, recommendation, decision, or opinion undertaken, performed, or made in connection with or on behalf of such committee or program, without malice and in the reasonable belief that such investigation, action, report, recommendation, decision, or opinion was warranted.

(F) In any suit brought against any nonprofit corporation, foundation, organization, or person described in Subsection D or E of this Section, when any such defendant substantially prevails in the suit, the court shall, at the conclusion of the action, award to any substantially prevailing party defendant against any claimant the cost of the suit attributable to such claim, including reasonable attorney fees, if the claim was frivolous or brought without a reasonable good faith basis. For purposes of this Subsection, a defendant shall not be considered to have substantially prevailed when the plaintiff obtains a judgment for damages, permanent injunction, or declaratory relief.

(G) The immunity granted under Subsections D and E of this Section shall be retroactive.

§37:1745.13 Definitions

For the purposes of this Part, the following terms shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(1) “Adverse action” includes reducing, restricting, suspending, revoking, denying, terminating, or failing to renew any of the following:

(a) Clinical privileges or membership in a health care entity.

(b) Employment or a contractual relationship with a health care entity.

(c) Enrollment or participation in a health care training program.

(2) “Clinical privileges” includes privileges, membership on the medical staff, and such other circumstances pertaining to the furnishing of medical care under which a physician or other licensed health care professional is permitted to furnish such care or to engage in training in a health care training program.

(3) “Department” means the Department of Health and Hospitals.

(4) “Health care entity” includes a hospital, as defined in R.S. 40:2102, any institution or clinic licensed by the department, any entity that provides health care services and that follows a formal peer review process for the purpose of furthering quality health care, any hospitalization or care facilities maintained by a university or medical school, or any health care training program in which trainees are required to hold a license, permit, or other authority from a professional licensing board in order to participate in training.

(5) “Health care professional” means:

(a) A person who possesses a current license, certificate, registration, or other authority from a professional licensing board to provide health care services in this state.

(b) Any person who is licensed or otherwise authorized by a professional licensing board to participate in a health care training program in this state.

(6) “Health care training program” means any university, hospital, institution, or other entity that sponsors post-graduate health care training in which participants must possess a license, permit, or other authority from a professional licensing board to participate in training.

(7) “Impaired” or “impairment” means dependency on, or the excessive use or abuse of alcohol or drugs that affect the central nervous system and which are capable of inducing physiological or psychological dependence.

(8) “Professional licensing board” means the Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners, the Louisiana State Board of Nursing, the Louisiana State Board of Dentistry, or the Louisiana State Board of Examiners of Psychologists.

§37:1745.14 Reporting of certain actions taken by health care entities; to whom to report; information to be reported; time frame for reporting

A. Each health care entity shall report the actions described in this Section to the appropriate professional licensing board.

B. Except as provided in Subsection C of this Section, a health care entity shall report each instance in which the health care entity:

(1) Takes an adverse action against a health care professional due to impairment or possible impairment.

(2) Accepts the surrender of clinical privileges, the resignation of employment or a contractual relationship, or the withdrawal from participation in a health care training program of or by a health care professional under any of the following conditions:

(a) While the health care professional is under investigation by the entity relating to impairment or possible impairment.

(b) In return for not conducting an investigation.

C. A report shall not be required under this Section when a health care professional is granted a leave of absence for evaluation or treatment of impairment or possible impairment provided all of the following conditions are met:

(1) The individual cooperates with the institutional policy regarding the evaluation or treatment of such impairment or possible impairment.

(2) Any leave of absence granted is for six months or less.

(3) The individual agrees not to engage in any clinical activity while undergoing evaluation or treatment except insofar as approved by his or her addiction provider while undergoing treatment.

(4) The individual, if a physician, cooperates with the Physicians Health Program of the Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners or, if a registered nurse, cooperates with the Recovering Nurses Program of the Louisiana State Board of Nursing or, if a dentist, cooperates with the Dentist Well-Being Committee program of the Louisiana Dental Association, as approved by the Louisiana State Board of Dentistry, or if a medical psychologist, cooperates with a program approved by the Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners.

D. Such report shall be provided in writing and shall include but not be limited to the following:

(1) The name, address, telephone number, and category of license of the health care professional.

(2) The date and nature of the action taken and a description of the acts or omissions or other reasons for the action.

(3) Such other information respecting the circumstances of the action as the department or the professional licensing board deems appropriate.

E. Such report shall be made to the appropriate professional licensing board within seventy-two hours of the adverse action, surrender, resignation or withdrawal.

§37:1745.15 Confidential nature of reports

A. Notwithstanding the provisions of the Public Records Act, R.S. 44:1 et seq., reports received by professional licensing boards under the provisions of this Part shall be held confidential and shall not be deemed to be or be treated as public records.

B. Such reports shall be privileged against disclosure or production pursuant to administrative or judicial subpoena.

§37:1745.16 Relief from liability for reporting

A. There shall be no liability on the part of and no action for damages against any health care entity with respect to any report required under this Part, unless such report is made with knowledge of the falsity of the information contained therein.

B. There shall be no liability on the part of and no action for damages against any person who serves as a director, officer, employee, agent, consultant, attorney, or who otherwise works for, is associated with, or represents a health care entity for reporting information required under this Part, unless such report is made with knowledge of the falsity of the information contained therein.

C. A report made under this Part that includes disclosure of any peer review information shall not constitute a waiver of any legal or evidentiary privilege, nor form the basis of any claim or action for damages or injunctive relief of any kind or nature, including breach of confidentiality, invasion of privacy, or otherwise, nor deprive the person, health care entity, committee, or any peer review entity making disclosure, of the benefit of the immunities otherwise provided for in R.S. 13:3715.3.

D. In any action brought against a health care entity or director, officer, employee, agent, consultant, attorney, or representative thereof for reporting information required under this Part the court shall, at the conclusion of the action, award to any such party defendant against any such claimant the cost of the action attributable to such claim, including actual attorney’s fees, if the claim is found to be without merit.

§37:1745.17 Use of information

Any information reported by a health care entity as required in this Part is intended to be used solely by the professional licensing board in furtherance of their statutory obligations.